Guidelines for Author

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General Guidelines for Writing Articles

  1. Articles are written in Indonesian or English;
  2. Use Times New Roman font, size 10 point, with single spacing;
  3. Margins: Left and top 4 cm, right and bottom 3 cm;
  4. Paper size: A4 (21 cm x 29.7 cm);
  5. Maximum article length is 15 pages;
  6. Tables and formulas must be in their original form, not as screenshots;
  7. References should use primary sources, not secondary citations within the article;
  8. The scope of the research must be at least one country, not just one city:
  9. The similarity test score is <= 20%.

Article Structure

  1. Title:
    a. the title is written in bold Times New Roman font, size 14 point;
    b. the title must be clear and reflect the content of the article;
    c.  the scope of the research must cover at least one country, not just one city. This should be reflected in the title, which should not mention the scope of research as a city, but rather, the research should encompass a broader area, at a minimum, a country.
  2. Author's Identity:
    a. author's name (size 10 point) and affiliation;
    b. author's email address.


  1. Italicized with single spacing, Times New Roman font, size 10 point;
  2. Length of 150-250 words in Indonesian and English;
  3. Contains important summary of the article: background, objectives, methods, results, and conclusions; Keywords: Maximum 4 words, separated by commas.


  1. States the initial substance of the article which includes the topic, gap/ research gap/ theoretical gap, problem, objectives, originality, major theory/ theories used in the research, and hypothesis formulation;
  2. Introduction offers theoretical concepts, ideas, and presents previous research findings as a comparison, as well as strengthening, enriching, and refining the discussion, analysis, and interpretation.
  3. Writing format: Times New Roman, 10 point, single spacing, justified.


  1. Explain how the research was conducted including materials, equipment, and analysis procedures;
  2. Use images, diagrams, graphs, or tables to clarify the description.

Results and Discussion

  1. Results are presented systematically, written without sub-sections and written in full beforehand, then the author writes the discussion of the results;
  2. The narrative of the results contains information taken from the data, does not state the data as it is, but reveals the meaning of the data or information.
  3. Discuss the impact of data analysis and the author's interpretation;
  4. For the purpose of clarifying information, the author can add tables, images, and others. Tables and formulas are presented not in the form of screenshots;
  5. Present the items listed in the research objectives or the results of the proposed hypothesis testing along with each step taken for the testing as written in the methods section;
  6. Compare with previous research findings.

Conclusion and Recommendations

  1. The conclusion answers the research or study objectives based on a more comprehensive meaning of the results and discussion of the research;
  2. Recommendations are aimed at practical actions (to the involved institutions), for the development of new theories, and for further research.


  1. The manuscript is written using standard citation applications (Mendeley/Endnote/Zotero);
  2. References use APA6 reference manager style (American Psychological Association);
  3. The references employed should ideally be the most recent, published within the last 5 years from the time the article was written;
  4. A total of more than 30 pieces of literature are required, sourced from journals;
  5. References are arranged alphabetically, chronologically, and typed with indentation style, single spacing.