Analysis of Laskar Pelangi in English Version Based on Transitivity Theory

Keywords: analysis, participant, process, transitivity


This study aims to investigate the characterizations of Lintang in the English version of Laskar Pelangi novel (2009), The Rainbow Troops, based on Transitivity. As the unit of analysis, the data are 30 selected clauses, both uttered by Lintang himself or the narrator. The clauses are arranged chronologically based on the plot of the story consisting of phase 1 (opening), phase 2 (conflict & climax), and phase 3 (closing). This research employs qualitative descriptive design (Fraenkel & Wallen, 2007: 430). The approach for this research is narrative inquiry. According to Croker (Heigham & Croker, 2009: 16), among disciplines using narrative inquiry are anthropology, sociology, history, psychology and literature. The results show that based on transitivity theory, the characterizations of Lintang are represented and portrayed by the types of process and participant in every clause. Among his emerging characterizations are: hyperactive, brave, never-gives-up kid, heroism, and willing to sacrifice for his family.


Download data is not yet available.


Abrams, M.H., & Harpham, Geoffrey, Galt. (2009). A glossary of literary terms. Wadsworth Cengage Learning.

Eggins, S. (2004). An introduction to systemic functional linguistics. New York: Continuum International Publishing Group.

Fraenkel, Jack R., &Wallen, Norman E., (2007). How to design and evaluate research in Education. Sixth Edition. McGraw-Hill International Edition.

Gall, Meredith D., Gall, Joyce P., & Borg Walter R. (2003). Educational research: An introduction, seventh edition. Boston, New York, San Fransisco.

Halliday, M. A. K. (1985). An introduction to functional grammar (2nd ed.). London, Melbourne, Auckland: Edward Arnold.

Halliday, M. A. K. (1985a). An introduction to functional linguistics. London: Edward Arnold.

Halliday, M. A. K., & Matthiessen, C. M. (2004). An introduction to functional grammar (3rd ed.). London: Arnold.

Heigham, Juanita and Croker, Robert (2009). Qualitative research in applied linguistic. Palgrave: Macmillan.

Hidayat, Rahmat. (2014) Analisis semiotik makna motivasi pada lirik lagu laskar pelangi karya Nidji. E-Journal Ilmu Komunikasi, 2014, 2, 245 ? 258.

Hirata, Andrea. (2009). Laskar pelangi.Bentang.

Kilbane, Angie. (2009). The rainbow troops. Bentang.

Liswahyuningsih, Ni Luh Gede. (2011). Indonesian V-V constructions in LaskarPelangi and their translations in The Rainbow Troops. A Thesis of Study Program of Linguistics, Postgraduate Program, Udayana University, Denpasar.

Lock, G. (1996). Functional English grammar: An introduction for second l language teachers. UK: Cambridge University Press.

Marini, Eko. (2010). Analisis stilistika novel Laskar Pelangi karya Andrea Hirata. Masters thesis of Universitas Sebelas Maret.